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There are some AC programs that give teachers who are lacking proper credentials a provisional status and allow them to teach while obtaining the college credits that are equivalent to tankard requirements for teacher certification programs. Some states permit Arts and Sciences graduates to go through intensified but shorter programs while holding a teaching license. Studies show that there are many problems with AC programs. The AC programs graduates tend to have more problems with curriculum and experience when compared to ETC program graduates. Part A: Comparison of Quantitative and Qualitative. . Was it appropriate to use both quantitative and qualitative methods for this research problem? Explain. Yes, it was appropriate to use both quantitative ND qualitative methods for this research problem because some researchers question the content preparation of AC teachers. Researchers Macadamia and Wilson compared mathematical comprehension of teachers from two different AC programs along with ETC and found that AC teachers lacked vigor of content knowledge. Their data showed that they did not improve appreciably through teaching the content. (Lines 50-55) 2.

Did one method contribute more than the other in helping to advance knowledge in this area? Explain. In my opinion, I felt that Study Xi’s methods contributed more than Stud’s 2 and 3 because it explained everything more in depth which made it easier to read and comprehend. For example Study Xi’s results state ‘Hue conducted preliminary analysis steps to identify outliers and assess assumptions for the multivariate analysis of variance (NOVA) procedure (Line 265) “We computed means and standard deviations for all 15 categories of teacher behavior for both groups (Linemen). We used three separate NOVAS to determine if the small sample differences between groups obtained in the study reflect real differences in the populations or are due to impaling variability (Linemen) 3. Have the researchers convinced you that the problem area is important? Explain. Yes based on the article Was convinced that this is a very important problem area. 4. Which method did you personally find more interesting? Explain. I found the method used in Study 2 more interesting because it provided more background information than the others.

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It seems that Study 2 used the qualitative methods because of the background information it provided which is very important in research. Part B: Evaluation of the Qualitative Aspects of this Research 1. Introduction Yes, this article clearly states the problem area which is the preparation of Alternatively Certified teachers. “Some researchers question the content preparation of AC teachers, a supposed strength of AC programs”. (Line 50) b. To what extent does the literature presented in the introduction help you understand the problem?

Is the literature used to put the problem in context? Explain. When I initially starting reading this particular article, I immediately understood what the problem was and what the article would be comparing. (Line 30) states “In this article, we compare ETC programs graduates with individuals completing a carefully constructed AC program. The AC program required condensed coursework to meet provisional certification standards, an induction mentoring program, and ongoing casework to meet minimal state certification guidelines. ” c.

Do the researchers indicate how this study is different from and/or similar to earlier ones reported in the literature? Yes the researchers indicate how the study is different and similar in some ways. In study 1 they conducted the initial study to examine differences in teaching practices between those educated in ETC and AC programs. They also examined behavioral differences of teachers in relationship to training differences (Line 190). In the second study, they examined the effects Of AC versus ETC teachers on the achievement outputs of their students.

The treatments previously discussed in relationship to study 1 remain the same in Study 2. The sample, instrument, data collecting, and statistical analysis all differ (Line 370). The third study was qualitative. They conducted it to gain insight into AC and ETC teachers’ perceptions of their teaching abilities (Line 475). 2. Methods a. Are the demographics of the participants (I. . , background characteristics such as age, race, and so on) described in sufficient detail? Explain. No, all demographics of each participant were not described in sufficient detail except in Study 2.

Study 1 does not give background characteristics, they only tell how many participants were placed in the classrooms in fall of 1989 (Line 195) Study 2 tells how many AC and ETC teachers were used in the study and it also shows that fifth and sixth graders were used. Study 3 states “The 82 teachers in the 41 pairs of matched subjects in Study 1 were the total sample for Study 3. The same selection and matching procedures in Study 1 apply in Study 3 (Lines 475480). B. Considering the problem area for the research, do you think that appropriate participants were selected?

If you had been conducting this study, would you have selected the same type(s) of participants? Would you have used the same number of participants? Explain. C. Yes, feel that the appropriate participants were selected because the researchers conducted their studies using a certain number of AC teachers and they used a certain number of ETC teachers. They also included children from different grade levels. Yes would have selected the same type of participants. I would have used a larger number of participants from different backgrounds so that I could achieve better results. . Which strategies listed in Table 1 on page 161 fifths book were employed by the researchers? Are they described in sufficient detail? Explain? Researcher as “Detective, Data triangulation, Methods triangulation, Participant feedback, and peer review. In my opinion, they were not described in sufficient detail because there were so many factors that were left out about the participants in each study. 3. Analysis and Results . Are the results discussed in terms of a theory or theories (either theories that emerged from this study or previously existing ones)?

Explain. No, in my opinion these results are not discussed in terms of a theory or theories. I believe that this particular article emerged because of the many concerns of researchers. They had many concerns about the quality of Alternatively Certified Teachers compared to traditionally certified teachers. D. Were the direct quotations of the participants’ statements, if any, judiciously selected? Do they help you understand the results? Explain. Yes the participants’ statements were selected, but they were not put in quotation marks.

For example, (Lines 520-580) show different statement such as “Typical comments from ETC teachers, when asked,? How prepared did you feel as a teacher when you started your job? Included ” I did not feel very prepared, Of course, no one ever feels truly prepared”, I did not know how to control behavior”, ” I was very confident. I feel pleased with how my undergraduate program prepared me”, “l feel very prepared. One-the-job experience does wonders”, I am very prepared now. Have learned how to eve good rapport with my students”. 4. Conclusion/limitations b.

Do the researchers describe any implications? If yes, are they appropriate? Are there other implications that are not discussed by the researchers? Explain. Yes some of the researchers described implications, ” Hawley noted that the small sample sizes in some studies raised questions about the representatives of the teachers included as subjects. Hawley noted some studies fail to distinguish types of AC programs in data analysis, a difficulty occurring when results of several investigations are aggregated”. (Lines 5. Ethical Considerations 20-625) A.

In your opinion, could this research have caused physical or psychological harm to the participants? If yes, did the researchers take adequate measures to ameliorate the potential for harm? Explain. No this research could not have caused physical or psychological harm to any of the participants. Also no physical or psychological harm to any participant fifths study was reported. B. If you had conducted this research, would you have obtained written, informed consent from the participants before conducting the study? Explain. Does this research report indicate that the researchers obtained such onset?

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