This causes tingling, pain, burning/ stinging, weakness in the foot, or even loss of feeling in the foot. Diabetes can also cause changes in th e skin on the feet. The skin may become very dry, peel, and crack. Calluses also build u p faster on the feet of those who have diabetes. If the calluses are not trimmed down th ey can turn into ulcers. Poor circulation can make the feet less able to fight infection and heal. Skin complications: kin infections include bacterial infections, fungal infections, and itching. Others that happen mostly only to people with diabetes. These inclu de dermopathy, necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum(NLD), diabetic blisters, and er uptive xanthomatosis. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): 2 out of every 3 people with diabetes has high blood pressure or they take medication to lower their blood pressure. The he art has to work harder when the blood pressure is higher, and the risk for heart disease and diabetes goes up.
High blood pressure also raise the risk for stroke, heart attack, eye p oblems, and kidney disease. Gastroparesis(DKA): DKA is a serious condition that can lead to a diabetic coma(passing out for a long time) or even death. When your cells don’t get th e glucose that they need for energy, the body begins to burn fat for energy, which prod uces ketones. Ketones are acids that build up in the blood and appear in the urine when the body doesn’t have enough insulin. The ketones are a warning sign that your diabetes is out of control or that you are getting sick.
When levels of ketones are too high, the body ca be poisoned. Ketoacidosis: this is a life threatening condition that developed when cells in the body are unable to get the sugar(glucose) that they need for energy because there i s not enough insulin. Because the cells cannot receive sugar for energy, the body begins to break down fat and muscle for energy. When this happens, ketones, or fatty acids, are produced and enter the bloodstream, causing the chemical imbalance (metab olic acidosis) called diabetic ketoacidosis. Neuropathy: nerve damage from diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy.
About half of all people with diabetes have some type of nerve damage. If you can keep th e blood sugar levels on target, you might be able to help delay or even prevent nerve damage. Kidney Disease: Diabetes can damage the kidneys & cause them to fail. Failing kidneys lose their ability to filter out waste products, resulting in kidney disease. High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. All this extra work is har d on the filters. After many years, the filters Start to leak and useful protein is lost in th e urine.
Having small amounts of protein in the urine is called microalbuminuria. Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the limbs. When you develope PAD your extrem ities, usually the legs, don’t receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand.