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Factors that divided the colonists and incl ded economic interests, ethnic rivalries and religious practices 4. What was the most important cause of the American Revolution? An increase in British debt lead to new taxes and trade restrictions which led to conflict. 5. How old is planet Earth? 4 billion years Old. 6. What is Pangaea? Pangaea is that the earth continents that formed together a s one large landmass. 7. What club pangea to break apart? The continents began to separate due to continental drift. 8.

What evidence has partially proving the existence of Pangaea? The same speci es or xtremely similar species of fish were found In lakes in different continents w hich proves that at one point in time these lakes and streams were connected. 9. One with the Appalachians formed? Appellations performed 350 million years ago. 10. One where the Rockies is formed? The Rockies were formed between 135 and 25 million years ago. 11. List the landform regions that comprise North America: mountains, hills, plate aus and valleys 12.

List the geological event that began 35,000 years ago and transformed the Ian dscape of North America: Ice Age 13. How did the ice age transform the landscape of North America? The topsoil of the Canadian Shield was removed due to a moving glacier, a glacier created a lake called Lake Bonneville which dried up to and left the land full of minerals, lastly, the Great Lakes were formed. 14. What was the Geographical effect of the shrinking of Lake Bonneville? After La ke Bonneville shrunk, the area was left with a lot of minerals. 5. What was Beringia? Beringia was a land bridge between Russia and Alaska thi bridge allowed nomads from Asia to cross over to America in order to hunt m mmoths another game. 16. Discuss the significance of Beringia to US history: Beringia brought over the fir st Native American people over to America. 17. What was the total Native American population of language groups by the tim Columbus arrived in 1492? There were about 54 million Indians and more tha n 2000 languages developed. eriod: 6 18. What determines the culture of each Native American tribe? The environment determined the culture of each Native American tribe. 19. What important development occurred in Mesoamerica around 5000 BC? Far ming was developed around 5000 BC. 20. List the three most important and advanced Native American tribes: Mayan, nca and Aztecs. 21. Describe the location and achievements of the Pueblo and Anasazi tribes: the y lived in the Rio Grande Valley in Adobe houses. 22.

Contrast the North American tribes from other Native American tribes and wh y is this different so important to history: North American tribes lived in small scattere d settlements which made it easy for Europeans to conquer them. 23. What was three sister farming which tribes practiced it and discuss the histori consequences of this unique type of farming: Three sister farming was the gr wing of squash maize and beans on the same field. The Creek Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw and Seminole practice three sister farming. 4. What was the most powerful tribe of North America and what was the most si gn ificant source of power for this tribe? The Iroqui was the strongest North American tr ibe and they were skilled with organizing military alliances. 25. List and discuss the many longterm causes of age of exploration: The age Of exploration began because of the Crusades which led to Europe to have a tast e Of spices from Asia a trade for spices but because there were so many middlem nvolved in this trade, prices were high.

This led people to search for new rout es to the East Indies in search for spices. 26. Discuss the significance of the following explorers: (a) Marco polo: explored C hina and brought back spices to Europe (b) Prince Henry: also known as Prince Henry t he navigator or open a school of navigation and supported sea travel (c) Bartholo mew Dias: was the first person to round the tip of Africa.

He did so in 1488 (d) Vasc o de Gama: first person to reach India by sea (e) Christopher Columbus: was lookin g fora irect Oceanbrook from Spain to the East Indies but instead founded America Amerigo Vespucci: was the first one to realize that the land that Christopher C olumbus landed on was actually a new continent (g) Balboa: that’s known for crossing t lthmus Of panama and was therefore the first European to see the pacific oce an (h) Ponce de Leon: traveled to Florida in search of the fountain of youth (l) Ponce de Leon: traveled to Florida in search of the fountain of youth (j) Hernando Corte s: travel to Mexico and captured Montezuma (k) Ferdinand Magellan: was the first Conquistador to sail the circumference of Earth (l) Francisco Pizarro: what’s th e most successful conquistador because he took over the Incas and made a lot of silv Hernando De Soto: discovered and crossed the Mississippi (n) Coronado: disc overed the Grand Canyon and many bison.

Discuss the Treaty of Tordesillas: An agreement between Portugal and Spain which declared that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the A tlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the li ne would belong to Portugal. 28. What was the Columbian exchange and discuss the historical effects Of this ev ent: The Columbian exchange was exchange of food goods, animals vegetables, techn ology and ideas between the New World and the Old World. The Columbian exchan ge also spreaded diseases which killed about 90% of the native Indian population. Thi s made it easy for Europeans to take over the Native American tribes. 29. What was the encomienda system? The encomienda system was where the S panish crown allowed specific people a number of Indians to control as long as they converted them into Christianity.

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