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At the age of 46, he was granted the mantle of Solicitor-General by King James I. Ten years later, he had become Tercentennial. As an active member of Parliament he was fully immersed in the power politics of his day. He was among those who urged the execution Of Mary Queen Of Scots in 1586. Francis Bacon was one of the first political strategists to clearly articulate the principles of Balance of Power politics. He was a strong proponent of pre-emotive war and viewed the exercise of military might through warfare as a means of maintaining the supremacy of powerful states.

And all this long before the rise of the American Emporium. Bacon was the ultimate pragmatist and opportunist. Like Machiavelli, whom he greatly admired, Bacon was a master of knowing how best to manage a state and to preserve the power of its rulers, but remained cynically dismissive of the stirrings of the human heart. He placed a high value on cunning, and viewed love as a form of human weakness. He unquestionably had a rare knowledge regarding ways of exercising power in the world.

He also possessed an astute knowledge of human nature, and understood how best to employ both the nobler and the baser instincts in others to achieve his purposes. Bacon attained his insights through both intimate military with political process and intrigue, and through an early and careful study of historical precedents. He had a deep knowledge of Roman history, and repeatedly used that knowledge to illuminate his subject matter. Bacon also kept abreast of the intellectual and political movements that coursed through his own times, both in England and in continental Europe.

This extraordinary collection of essays offers a portrait of early seventeenth century political reality in Europe and the world view of a remarkable man who, according to William Blake, offered “Good advice from Satin’s kingdom. BEDS Belgrade, 2007 Biographical Note In 1 606, at the age of forty-five he married Alice Burnham, the daughter of a London merchant, and in 1 607 was made Solicitor-General. The following year he entered upon the Clerkship of the Star Chamber, and was in the enjoyment of a large income; but old teleconferencing. Net. U iterate Reviews/Cultural and Historical Studies debts and present extravagance kept him embarrassed. In 1 613 he became Tercentennial, in 1616 a privy Councilor and in 161 7 Lord keeper. In 1618 he was given the more honorific title of Lord Chancellor. He was knighted in 603, and created Lord Ferulae in 1618 and Viscount Stains in 1621. Hardly had he reached this final peak when he was charged in parliament with receiving bribes, an accusation which might be faced by any office-holder in the early seventeenth century, since official salaries were inadequate and dependence on fees and gratuities paid by suitors was widespread.

He was sentenced to a fine of 40,000 [pounds] which was remitted by the king. He died [at the age of 65 years] leaving debts to the amount of 22,000 pounds. P. Viii The intellect of Bacon was one of the most powerful and reaching ever possessed by man, and he is claimed by some scientists as the Originator Of the modern school of experimental research.. . His moral character was extremely mixed and complex, and bears no comparison with his intellect. P. X Introduction As an adolescent he had condemned the prevailing philosophical methods and, as a young man, had taken “all knowledge to be [his] province”, but he had published only a pamphlet attacking the Earl of Sex’s treason, some religious meditations and the first edition of the Essays (1 597), consisting of ten brief sketches, mere “fragments of my conceits. ” Bacon’s reputation in politics, literature and philosophy rests on the achievements of his mature middle age. Philosophically Bacon was perhaps more successful and less original in attacking existing ways of thinking than in establishing new ones.

Men’s senses and understanding were beset by four sorts of Idol: the Idols of the Tribe arose from erroneous methods of thinking common to humanity as a whole; the Idols of the Cave from those of the individual; Idols of the Market Place from popular language and communication; and Idols of the Theatre from erroneous philosophies. To Bacon learning ought to be profitable in the ensue of enlarging man’s control over his environment; knowledge was for the “relief of man’s estate. ” A new scheme was proposed in Bacon’s Inauguration Magna.

The Advancement of Learning outlined existing knowledge, pinpointing its deficiencies. The Novel Organ propounded by Bacon’s new epistemology (science of the method or grounds of knowledge). By observation of, or preferably experiment with, the ‘instances’ of natural phenomena, and careful distinction of positive and negative examples, the ‘forms’ of nature were ultimately to be teleconferencing. Net. AU Literature Reviews/Cultural and Historical Studies discovered. Axioms of greater and greater generality could be established and applied to other situations.

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