Was it because of a competition for land and resources? Maybe we will never learn. However, in more recent ages of history these have been normal excuses for genocide, along with, religious, political, and racial reasons like the Holocaust that shall write about in this essay. Sometimes it can be just one of these things and sometimes it can be a mixture of them. At any rate, in my opinion there is never a good excuse for causing genocide and international organizations need to do whatever they can to stop them from happening again.
When people hear the word genocide, most of us think of The Holocaust. But the Holocaust might be unique in history because it is one of he only genocides that we know of that was caused by the hatred of one man for a single race of humans, that is, Hitler and his hatred of the Jews. Of course, there were historical and economic factors that Hitler took advantage of and blamed on the Jews, like the state of Germany’s economy after WWW l, the humiliating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, the expensive war reparations and of course the Great Depression.
And we can’t excuse the actions of so many of the German people who supported Hitler. However, for one man to be able to bend the will of so big and civilized a country like Germany and cause the death of six million people by convincing his fellow countryman that they belonged to a master race and that the Jews were sub- human is really amazing and horrible. Unfortunately, a conflict between different ethnic groups is one of the main reasons that genocides happen.
So Hitter’s genocide was rather ordinary when we think about what caused it, even though it was the largest genocide in history. Other examples of ethnic genocide are the Rwanda Genocide and the Bosnian Genocide which both occurred in the early sass’s, the Armenian Genocide of 191 5 and the laughter of Native Americans and Aboriginals around the world during colonial times. All of these targeted people of a particular ethnic group and aimed to “cleanse” them from a territory that the hostile side claimed for themselves.
Genocide is often caused because of a “war or an economic crisis”2 that one side blames on the other and uses as an excuse to get even, like in the Armenian genocide. According to the Turkish side of the story, the Armenian were helping the Russians advance into Anatolia from the East during WWW so the Turks decided to relocate them to parts of Syria. Hundreds Of thousands died from the “attacks Of local Muslims, gangs, hunger and epidemics -? as well as the difficulties of moving through mountains and deserts of the region”3 in the forced marches that followed.
Although the Turks deny that this was a systematic attempt to wipe out the Armenian, more and more countries are accepting that it was genocide every year. Usually “there is a history of animosities”4 like those which existed between the Tutsis and the Hut in Rwanda. These two groups had been competing for control of Rwanda since colonial times, but support from he Dutch for the minority Tutsis (15,%) had left the majority Huts (85%) feeling jealous and oppressed. The country exploded after its president, was killed when his plane was shot down.
The Hut majority went on a rampage of revenge, killing about 800,000 Tutsis in three months-5 And then of course there is the case of Bosnia, where many factors, ‘territorial greed,” 6 ethnic hatred, and historical rivalries, all combined to cause the genocide that led to the systematic murder of 200,000 Muslims. After the breakup of Yugoslavia, the leader of what remained of the country, Slogan Miltonic, began inflaming long-standing tensions between Seers, [Carats] and Muslims”7 because he wanted to recover the lands of the former Serbia and establish a state that was purely Serbian.
First he fought with the Carats and then he attacked Bosnia when that state declared independence in 1992. He began a process that reminded many of the actions of the Nazis in WI: “including mass shootings, forced reputation of entire towns, and confinement in make-shift concentration camps for men and boys. The Seers also terrorized Muslim families into fleeing their villages by using rape as a weapon against omen and girls. 8 The above four examples are just a sample of the horrible events that happened in the 20th Century, or as Professor of History, Eric White, nicknamed it, “A Century of Genocide. “9 Unfortunately, events in Durbar show us that genocide hasn’t stopped happening yet. In Durbar, which is in the West of Sudan, “over 480,000 people have been killed, and over 2. 8 million people displaced” 10 since 2003 in an ethnic genocide which also has religious and political causes. So what can be done to stop genocides from happening? In Evil: Genocide in the 21st Century, 1 1 James L.
Pigeon makes a number of useful suggestions. Firstly, he argues that procedures for identifying and responding to potential genocides need to be shortened, as the current rules make it take too long to prevent outbreaks like in Rwanda, which happened ‘fin less than 100 days” (Pigeon, p. 68). Furthermore, the United Nations needs to be better funded and equipped, since its resources are currently stretched from “operating fourteen peacekeeping operations around the world” (Pigeon, p. 68). In addition, the United States needs to become a participant in the International
Criminal Court (ICC), which he credits with punishing “high ranking perpetrators” (Pigeon, p. 71). Of genocide and making leaders think twice before committing such crimes in the future. Next, he supports economic sanctions, though he complains that sanctions usually “do more harm to the people (victims) than the government” (Pigeon, p. 71). Finally, Pigeon concludes that ‘the international community has a moral responsibility to protect the innocent” (Pigeon, p. 72), but that too many resources are being wasted trying to deal with the causes of genocides, which is impractical.
What old be better, he believes, is for the United Nations to “have a supervised rapid deployment, self-contained force that can be to any location within a 48 hour period. These units need to be strategically located near designated hot spots and all member countries should be required to assign a military specialty unit whose sole training purpose is to support all UN directed mandates” (Pigeon, p. 72). Agree that we need to think less about how to prevent genocides, which have always happened and seem certain to continue, and more about rapid reactions to stop them from getting out of hand.