It will further discuss the kinds of responses that might be considered as well as the types of assessment that would be performed. The kinds of information you would collect in order to address problems such as drugs, prostitution, and vandalism would include scanning, analysis, responses, and assessment (Peak, 2012). Scanning involves problem identification. Scanning is when a police officer uses a problem solving process by conducting a preliminary inquiry as to whether or not a problem really does exist and if a further analysis is required (Peak, 2012).
The robber is defined as either two or more similar or related incidents which are a concern to the community as well as the police (Peak, 2012). The only time the problem solving process is not application is when the incidents to which the police have responded to have not fallen within the definition of being a problem. Analysis is used to determine the extent of the problem (Peak, 2012). The heart of the problem solving process is the analysis which is the most difficult process but is the important process of the S. A. R. A. Recess (Peak, 2012). If police officers do not use analysis, then the problem will intention and long term solutions will not be found. During the analysis, police officers obtain as much information as they can from every possible lead. In order for a police officer to complete a proper analysis, he or she would need to identify the seriousness of the problem as well as everyone which has become affected including the underlying causes. When analyzing the problem solving process, police officers should assess the effectiveness of current responses.
Crime analysis is useful when it comes to collecting, collating analyzing and disseminating data relating to crime, incidents not squiring a report, criminal offenders, victims, and locations (Peak, 2012). Crime analysis is also useful in identifying patters of crime by mapping and geographic information systems. These areas are also known as hot spots. Information regarding high-crime areas and addresses, as well as a suspects characteristics and the victim’s characteristics, can be used by analyzing police offense reports.
Further, computer aided dispatch is used to collect data such as all incidents as well as specific locations for hot spots where police response is needed on a regular basis. There are three elements deeded in order for a problem to occur. The three elements include an offender, the victim, and a location (Peak, 2012). If you were to remove one of these elements, then there will be no problem and the issue will be resolved or a problem will not occur. In order to remove one of these elements, an officer strategy is limited by his or her ability to develop a response system as well as provide available resources.
A Response is when a police officer formulates a tailor made strategy to the problem (Peak, 2012). Developing a long-term solution to the problem is highly important, but moieties immediate actions are required for more serious solutions. It is important to keep in mind that responses normally do not involve just one single agency or a quick fix. Normally, arrests are the only Way to fix the problem, but does not always provide a permanent fix. Responses include police, the public, businesses, private and social service organizations, as well as other government agencies.
Further, patrol officers should understand that they have many options that they can use when responding to problems. However, they must understand that they cannot eliminate all problems. Finally, comes the assessment stage where the officer evaluates the overall effectives of their actions thereby using the results to determine if he or she needs to revise their responses, collect more data, or redefine the problem (Peak, 2012). If the officer does not conduct an evaluation process, then it will be difficult establishing whether or not it succeeded and thus should continue to collect more resources.
The most important thing about evaluations is that it provides knowledge as well provides key decision makers with the strategies impact as well as the cost effectiveness (Peak, 2012). The kinds of information you would collect in order to address problems such as drugs, prostitution, and vandalism would include scanning, analysis, responses, and assessment (Peak, 2012). Scanning involves problem identification. Analysis is used to determine the extent of the problem (Peak, 2012). Response is when a police officer formulates a tailor made strategy to the problem (Peak, 2012).
Learn by Doing 2. I would first start collecting Information concerning the area and its drug problem by scanning the area and identifying the problem. By scanning the area will identify whether a problem or problems exist. Once I have scanned he area to determine if a problem exists, then I would begin the analysis phase which is determining the extent of the problem. Here, drugs, drinking, and intimidating of residents in a building which contains 58 units occurs just about every day and all night long in a low income area.
Gun shots are fired on an occasional occurrence, and police are called 5-10 times within a 24 hour period. Criminals hide guns in the high shrubbery and if police approach them they run to the open fields which are close by. Drug dealers use a convenience store close and a drug house has also been established in the area. In order to prepare an analysis would interview the residents of the apartment complex, interview people living in the surrounding area, interview anyone hanging out in the area, I would further interview criminals that have been arrested from the neighborhood as well.
I would further analyze the suspect’s characteristics. Next, I would come up with a response system. This is where I would come up with a long term solution to the problem. I would have city administrators who are in positions to take action in order to prevent the degradation of neighborhoods (Reed, Wilson, & Scalia, 2008). City administrators can enact leslies that effect neighborhoods like this as well as deploy municipal resources (Peed, Wilson, & Scalia, 2008).
Further, city administrators can redirect services to make Sure that properties re kept up, and police can deploy officers to spend more time in these neighborhoods in order to deter criminal activity (Peed, Wilson, & Scalia, 2008). I would first start by having the overgrowth around the complex cut down. This will cut down on criminals hiding weapons in the overgrowth. I would use volunteers or low- risk offenders who are sentenced to community service to complete this task (Peed, Wilson, & Scalia, 2008). Next, would have the convenience store torn down if it was not operational by anyone.
Further, I would conduct sting and crackdown operations in order to make arrests of drug dealers, prostitutes, and of drug houses. Sting operations are conducted in order to target a likely offender or group of offenders for a particular crime type (Newman, 2007). Once the sting operations have been conducted, would have patrol officers patrolling the area more. I would even have officers on bikes and horses. I would also have the graffiti covered up. Finally, I evaluate the effectiveness of my actions and determine whether hey were effective and if further action will be needed.