What about driving while using a cell phone? Should the States or Governments take measures in order to forbid their use while driving nationwide? According to the velveteen of the technology, the cell phones appear ordinary, but vital tools. People are constantly talking, testing, playing games or surfing on the internet on their smart phones. They play a very important role in communication these days, and specially strengthen the interpersonal relationships on the social plan; allow us to do research and resolve in a pretty much bit of time which we could in many days.
Nevertheless, the devices may do harm when people decide to use them behind the wheel and rive. They distract the drivers causing errors in judgment and 23% of car accidents each year, result of this practice (1. 3 million crashes). Driving, testing, and talking simultaneously on cell phone are very dangerous. This is an epidemic on America’s roadway. The percentage of drivers observed testing or visibly manipulating their hand-held devices increased significantly from 0. 9 percent in 201 0 to 1. 3 percent in 201 1.
NATHAN observational research found an average of five percent of drivers were holding cell phone to their ears while driving, translating to 660000 vehicles driven by people eliding hand-held cell phones at any given moment in 2011. The percentage of driver text-messaging or visibly manipulating hand-held devices increased from 1. 3 percent in 2011 to 1. 5 percent in 2012. This result is from the National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NONPLUS), which provides the only nationwide probability-based observed data on driver electronic device use in the United States.
In 201 2 alone, 3328 persons were killed in distracted driving crashes. In the same year, 4283 young drivers aged 15-20 Were involved in fatal crashes, and 1875 of those, in the other words 44% died in the crashes. Furthermore, as of December, 2013, 153. Billion text-messages were sent every month in the U. S (with PR, territories, Guam). In addition, the cell phone can be a fatal distraction for those who use it while they drive,” said CDC Director Tom Befriend. “Driving and dialing or testing don’t mix. If you are driving, pull over to a safe place and stop before you use cell phone. Because 21 % of the distracted drivers were distracted by the use of cell phone reported NH TTS; and according to Insurance Institute for highway Safety, testing while driving kills 1 1 teens each day. Agent Fred Trembler said” it’s tremendously important and it is an extremely bad habit and it’s omitting that we don’t think much of because we were talking about. What’s the big deal to glance down at your phone and look at a quick text, But the truth of it is, there have been over 31 00 deaths in the last two years directly related to distracted drivers. Therefore, using mobile phones can cause drivers to take their eyes off the road, their hands off the steering wheel, and their minds off the road and the surrounding situation. This situation (cognitive distraction) appears to have the biggest impact on driving behavior. There is a growing body of evidence that shows that the distraction caused by bile phones can impairs performance in a number of ways, e. G. Longer reaction times, impaired ability to keep in the correct lane, shorter following distances, and an overall reduction in awareness of the driving situation.
Using a mobile phone for text-messaging, talking while driving has a particularly detrimental impact on driving behavior. In the United States, 60-70% of drivers report using a mobile at least sometimes while driving and 1 1 % of vehicles observed had drivers using a mobile phone. Police crash reports in one State in the United States suggests that mobile phone use while driving more than doubled between 2001 and 2005, from 2. 7% to 5. 8%. Furthermore, a study in the U. S. A found that 27% of American adults report having sent or read text messages while driving. What the Americans think about the risks that the distracted driving represents?
According to the public opinion, the majority of Americans (88. 5%) feel that a driver talking on a cell phone represents a somewhat or a serious threat to their personal safety. Nine in ten (90. 3%) people believe that distracted drivers are a somewhat or much bigger problem today compared to three years ago. Most drivers (71 . %) believe that when talking on a cell phone while driving, it is safer to use a hand-free device than a hand-held device. Nonetheless, one out of two drivers who reported using a hand-free, speech-based in- vehicle system said they believed use of the technology was” not distracting at all. Should testing, talking while driving be banned in every State? Indeed, the States or Governments should take measures in order to prohibit the use of cell phone while driving nationwide. As a result of this epidemic, 44 States have already implemented laws in view to address the issue. At least, twelve States prohibit he use Of hand-held cell phone while driving and at least eight States have considered legislation that would make it illegal to use Google Glass and other wearable computers while driving.
It’s proved to be necessary to spread these measures nationwide in view to block this practice which kills so many people. Seminars of formation should be organ sized to help young and younger drivers to comprehend the consequences of the cell phones use while driving and their impact. It is also important to strengthen the system of radar to relate any person who infringes the measures taken at that effect ND punish him in accordance with laws because nothing is worth the life. Therefore, banning the use of cell phone while driving should be mandatory nationwide in order to limit the risks of accidents.
Undertaking a vast movement of reinforcement and extension of dispositions by organizing campaigns and summits, has to be considered to face to this epidemic. The US department of transportation is leading the effort to stop testing and cell phone use behind the wheel. Since 2009,” we have held two national distracted driving summits, banned testing and cell phone use for commercial rivers, encouraged States to adopt tough laws, and launch several campaigns to raise public awareness about the issue. Mobile phones have immense public utility, improving communication in social and commercial interactions.