I believe that in the event of a worldwide pandemic, a mass quarantine prevention strategy would rove to be effective against the spread Of disease, but could potentially lead to major crimes against humanity, as humans desire personal contact and the acknowledgment of their human dignity. To quarantine a person would be to completely isolate them from society as explained in Kathryn’s article. This can be done at a worldwide level with enough government interaction and I believe it would be a global catastrophe. As described in Fukuyama’s Human Dignity, the mass moral contradiction would be overwhelming for officials.
People would be fighting against their state of forced incarceration while attling their disease and trying to pursue the same rights as those that aren’t infected. In AIDS Inc. , “The persistent denial of AIDS in South Africa was deeply disturbing”(Epstein 1 15). Showing how many Africans are surrounded by HIV infected people and almost show a state of indifference, sure the South Africans showed a more worried state of mind than the northern Africans but the matter of the subject is that they held less disease accountability and their ignorance in its possible spread caused it to rise and then hardly fall at a steady rate again.
Here in the States, when people find out about a certain ndividual with the disease they are likely to be “quarantined” socially. Ross describes quarantine as “[… ]the archetypal conflict that confronts public health: the tension between society’s dual interests in safeguarding individual liberty while protecting and promoting the health of its citizens” this statement reinforces the idea that the idea behind quarantining groups of people is solely for the greater good.
The main purpose is mainly for the isolation of a spreading disease until all of the microbes have been sterilized and the infected show no further signs or symptoms of the disease. While this eems like a plausible cause, it’s also a very possible catalyst for conflict as human rights will be introduced and it isn’t an efficient way of battling a disease. When there’s a disease with no known cure, research must be done in order to find proper treatment for the disease.
Quarantining a population would be essentially “running away from your problems” the bacteria and viruses could possibly mutate and find a way of being transmitted through the air we breathe, then the amplified viruses could be transmitted globally. To this day some leprosy containment areas are still in effect around India, China, Japan, and other Asian nations. Leprosy is a disease that causes mucous like sacs to build up under the skin causing various blisters, infections, and the availability to be more prone to other diseases.
It was once thought that your limbs would fall off when left untreated but was later disproven. The infected limbs would just be covered in scar tissue created from the continuous buildup of mucous underneath the skin that would blister up, then heal and seal itself over the limbs. This disease is most commonly seen in countries or areas that are in a state of economic epression, so seeking treatment or getting a cure is completely out of their budget. Realizing they can’t combat the disease, these areas forcefully seclude the infected into their quarantined state to prevent a pandemic.
These infected people are considered to lack human dignity in the eyes of others. To be an outcast from society in your quarantined state means that they wouldn’t be seen to have the fruitful essence that the rest of us have. That being said, human dignity is described by Francis Fukuyama as “Skin color, looks, social class and wealth, gender, cultural even ne’s natural talents, emotions, fear, feeling 143) but these occurrences add on the trait of good health to the definition of a true human essence.
This lacking factors in the heavily diseased force them to be out casted through the fear of infection. A contradiction of this act would be in Epstein’s, Aids inc. , She described how the spread of disease prevention programs, and the introduction of outreach to those who were infected proved to be a highly humanizing factor. Those infected who felt they were separate amongst other people, were embarrassed, or lacked self confidence ere finally given part of their human dignity again as they began to be more accepted.
In Uganda, HIV was spread nationally and many locals felt a sense Of indifference of the disease and accepted it when need be. Nearly one hundred percent of the locals in Uganda, when surveyed, they revealed to all know someone who was infected with HIV or have a family member who has the disease, yet they show a sort of indifference and accept it around them as we accept the common cold in our nation. In combatting the issue of AIDS indifference, Y-Centers and LoveLife were established.
LoveLife being an utreach association, held various seminars at schools, which were described as “helping young people see the future, identify choices, and identify the values that underpin those 1 13) This provided further HIV education on its prevention and how to properly take care of infected loved ones without the risk of spreading the disease. These people held a broad emotional attachment to those they love and when their loved ones were to get infected, they would simply carry out their normal everyday lives.
Of course they were taught to show some precaution in handling bodily fluids but they treat it almost superficially. The South Africans however, are more Americanized and show high sense of regards to the disease and precaution like we do. They re in a sense a polar opposite of the IJgandans and wouldn’t be as accepting of the disease as they are. Theyre not at open as Ugandans about the disease so not various infected people are oblivious that they even have the disease and continue spreading it.
In contrast to LoveLife’s outreach, the Y-Centers are essentially recreation centers resembling the YMCA where various people have the opportunity to partake in activities they havent done before “I learned how to play basketball at the Y- Center”(Fukuyama 1 1 1),a girl said. This adds a sense of human dignity to these people ins a poor state of living as they do things they once dreamed of doing, while also learning about clinical safety in their society.
They dont provide the necessary informative seminars on the disease outreach seminars provided, but they give participants a valuable humanizing factor. The Y-Center offered recreational activities, which would draw the disease out of people’s minds and enable them to feel dignified again. As stated in Francis Fukuyama’s “Human Dignity,” “The demand for an equality of recognition or espect is the dominant passion of modernity'(Fukuyama 141 ). This describes everyone’s desire to be recognized as a part of society.
People want to belong as a whole and not be excluded or “quarantined” from others’ way of life. The Y-Centers do just that and essentially group all these people together into a similar sort of community, offering them various activities at their disposal, team sports and simple common recreation. “The Y-Center also offered individual counseling for a small number of young people with 1 1 1), as they tried to help the youth be able to live normal lives while learning bout disease control, and providing sex education that will effectively prevent them from an early pregnancy or catching a disease.
This gives them the feeling of belonging and in a way rewards them with having their “human dignity’ once again to those suffering with the disease. This adds a great level Of confidence onto them as it lets them interact with others that have the disease and really find the levels of essential social interaction that they can’t have in their society; the social interactions that bring emotional stability and peace of mind, and that will help others effectively halt its spread. In the event of a mass outbreak the government has the very right to discriminate against others and pierce their rights.
In “Semiotica”, Ross entails how “Congress had clearly been granted the Constitutional right to discriminate against any national group it so chose in immigration matters” That being said, “the U. S. government was not going to allow HIV-positive Haitians into the United States[… ]. ” This is a clear representation on how much power our government truly has. They placed political law over the basic humanitarian rights allowed to every human being. These occurrences happened under resident Bush in nineteen ninety-two when HIV was becoming a worldwide phenomenon.
Haitians were being discriminated because Of their HIV Status and kept in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. These Haitians were deprived of the same privileges as other immigrants as others would simply mask their symptoms while entering the country. F-leeing Cubans were also sent to Guantanamo Bay but weren’t required HIV testing as the Haitians. This led to the release of various Humanitarian Waivers that finally allowed Haitians to migrate to the united States. These acts against humanity raise the legal ispute of checks and balances upon jurisdiction and how Human Rights would ultimately prevail over a government.
To conclude, in the midst of a pandemic, our government could very well issue a mass quarantine if need be in our nation, and strip people of many of those rights that they deserve. As the disease is contained, mass paranoia could cause a global devastation and a massive legal crumbling. Millions wouldn’t be able to be contained and would fight for their humanistic rights that they deserve. On the other hand, if the quarantine methods are efficient and prevent any possible error; then it ould be an alternative to finding a cure, as we would wait for the remaining viruses die off. the act of quarantine is often directed at those least able to advocate for themselves. These are the “other,” the populations that, because of their ethnicity, their gender identity, their assigned racial category, their foreignness, their perceived immorality, their poverty, their behavior, are not “us”(Semiotica), this reinforcing the fact that the human dignity of many is at risk with the implementation of a quarantine system for biohazard containment. The system would ultimately fail in a moral aspect, being a rime against humanity, yet saving it in a biological state of mind.
Whatever the disease may be, it will be effectively irradiated at the unfortunate expense of human rights and prolonged corruption in our world’s governements.