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The upper class, believed industrialization had created a new criminal’ class, whereas, the lower classed believed only the rich were benefiting from industrialization. One of the impacts of industrialization was arbitration, which is the movement of people into cities. The creation of factories, meant workers wanted to live closer to the factories where they were employed.

Arbitration, however, led to overpopulation which meant there was a severe shortage in housing which in turn increased poverty. Poverty, in many cases is the root of crime as people had to turn to the criminal world in order to survive. Furthermore, the overcrowding also led to he formation of rookeries which gave criminals a place to evade law enforcement. Also, it enabled them to distribute the proceeds of their criminal activities also known as ‘fencers’.

Additionally, the construction of the railroad system revolutionized the life of the career criminal as it allowed them to commit crimes in cities where the police were not familiar with them and then return to their homes. It also brought more opportunities to the criminals, as many crimes were committed on the railroad premises. Muggings and pickpocket, especially were increased through the close recommit of great amounts of people.

To conclude the continued expansion of industrial capitalism throughout most of the second half of the century laid the basis for the relative stabilization of relations between the social classes. The middle class gradually lost its fear of the working class as a whole (the mob’) and started to worry more about the rise of the Socialist movement and the trade unions. This stabilization of the working class, towards the end of the 1 9th century, played a role in the decrease of crimes many believe stemmed from industrialization; such as larceny.

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