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This is shown when the character Candy, a ranch worker, first describes crooks as a “Niger which links in with the theme of racism as this is a racial insult upon black African-Americans. In our time this would be seen as racism and unacceptable. However, the fact that this term was used so causally implies that the term “Niger’ was acceptable in the period of time when the book was written – during the time of the 1 93(Yes great depression. This set a feel of sympathy for crooks because the reader sees him as a victim of racism discrimination.

This sympathy for crooks is further exemplified hen Steinbeck writes, “Got a crooked back where a horse kicked him” Peg 41, this suggest that Crooks has a disability which singles him out from every other ranch worker. Crooks skin color and disability makes him an easy target for people to pick on, this is shown when Steinbeck writes “the boss gives him hell when he’s mad” this emphasizes his discrimination and cause the reader to feel more pity for Crooks. In the beginning of the 4 chapter Crooks stable is described, Steinbeck uses this opportunity to indicate what type of a person Crooks is and to create sympathy for him.

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Such description can be exemplified when Steinbeck describes crooks’ room as ” a little shed that leaned off the wall of the bran”. This could be a metaphor. The ‘shed’ represents crooks and the ‘barn’ represents the other men, showing how crooks is on the edge of society because he is black which links in with this theme of loneliness and creates sympathy as it shows he has no one which makes the reader feel bad for him. Furthermore, the use of the word ‘leaned’ personifies the shed, as leaning is a human action.

Steinbeck might have wanted to use this personification to how how dependent crooks is with the ranch and to show that if he gets fired he will have nowhere else to go. Also Steinbeck says that crooks room has “a tattered dictionary and a mauled copy of the California civil code for 1905. ” These possessions are symbolic because they show that crooks is educated and that he had read the books regularly hence it being “tattered” which links in with the theme of loneliness as he has no company so has spend his free time reading books cyclically.

In the quote “crooks was a proud, aloof man. ” The adjectives ‘proud’ and ‘aloof suggest that he thinks he is utter than everyone else which links in with the previous quote where Steinbeck says California civil code for 1 905’ as the California civil code for 1905 is a book of rights for American citizens and for crooks to own this show that he is well aware of his rights and that he is proud of it as they are the only things he have which only increases this sympathy for Crooks. Also in chapter 4, Steinbeck uses dialogue between Crooks and Leonie to create sympathy for crooks.

This can be seen when Crooks says, “you got no right to come in my room. This here’s my room. Nobody got any right in here but me. ” to Leonie. The quotation suggest that crooks is hostile towards Leonie this could be because crooks wants to enforce the little rights he has and the repetition of the word ‘rights’ also show that it is something that crooks is constantly reminded of as he is black. The irony of this is that he has very little rights but these rights affects him significantly. Crooks continues this hostility when he says ‘ I into wanted in the bunk house, and you into wanted in my room. The parallel structure of the sentence suggest that crooks is trying to mind some from of equality that he desperately need in this unjust situation he is always in which make us feel sad for him. However when Crooks discovers Leonie is mentally well he uses this to his advantage which links in with the theme of power. This can be seen when Steinbeck uses the words ‘private victory. Steinbeck uses this language from the semantic field of battle between Leonie and crooks to show that crook is getting his own personal pleasure out of lien’s torture as he is trying to get justice for what is being done to him by society.

This make us feel worse for him as we don’t want him to act that way. Furthermore, Crooks face is described as “lighted with pleasure in his torture ” witch suggest that he likes being on the other side of the fence where he is the oppressor not the oppressed. Stein beck also juxtaposes the words ‘pleasure’ and ‘torture’ to highlight the fact the crooks foul pleasure is caused by his torture in the past witch makes us feel bad for him as we don’t want him to scope to they’re level. Later on in chapter four Steinbeck creates sympathy by crooks naivety of wanting to get involved with nine and gorge somewhat conceivable dream.

This can be seen when he says ‘everybody wants a little bit of land, not much. Jus’ something that was his. ” Crooks in his own way identified the American dream, which is untarnished happiness and the freedom to follow your own desires. Crooks also uses the word ‘everybody’ which includes him as well, this make the reader feel bad for crooks as the reader knows that this dream is nearly impossible at that time. Moreover Steinbeck writes ‘he hesitated. “… If you… Guys would want a hand to work for nothing-just his keep, why I’d come an’ lend a hand. , which suggest that crooks wants to get in on this dream. Crooks hesitated because he doesn’t what to show that he wants to get involved in the dream because he is aloof and that he is embarrassed to ask to be part the bream after how he acted before. Which make us feel bad for him because he is getting to attach to this impossible dream, which links into this theme of dreams and hopes. Steinbeck uses dialogue between Curlers wife and crooks to strengthen the sympathy for crooks by the reader. This can be seen when she says they left all the weak ones here’.

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