Rulers would collect tribute in turn for protection, a never-ending cycle that continually supported Mongol rulers, solidifying resources and leading to intercrop alliances that supported developing Mongol rule. Tax farming in Muslim territory under Mongol rule led to economic downfall. Decreased agricultural productivity forced government seizing of land, but exemption from taxation on government property shrank the tax base, creating a permanent state of economic downfall. In both senates the use of paper money had detrimental effects on economic stability.
Printing paper money caused irreparable inflation and led to the economic demise of both the II Khan and the Yuan. There were differences in the Yuan and II-Khan economy and government. The Yuan had many religions, therefore did not emphasize a single state religion and incorporate it into their politics or economy. However, the II-Khan converted to Islam, which caused a strain on their economy because Ghana decreased taxes in respect for Salami’s values, although he needed the revenue.
The Yuan was a more stable government and economy than the II-Khan They had a social structure, each group with a different job, whereas II-Khan’s Islam would have seen this as unequal. The Yuan also divided itself into provinces and had provincial governors, and the II-Khan did not. Both experienced the failure of paper money, but Yuan introduced copper coinage, which was more successful. The Yuan and II-Khan handled the native people differently.
The Yuan did not allow the Chinese to eave any power, causing isolation between the peoples, and the II-Khan allowed the Persians to have at least some power, meaning more cohesion between those under conquest and conquerors. Under Mongol rule of the al- Khan and the Yuan, trade in Eurasia flourished, allowing for widespread economic growth, but was shown to be short-lived, as through the introduction of new systems, economic downturn became irreversible. Differing religious and social fundamentals of the senates proved to have varying political and economic effects.