Know about stress and the General Adaptation Syndrome Know about pain responses – acute vs.. Chronic Referred pain – why certain areas but not others Action of avoids Types of pain -? coetaneous, deep somatic, visceral, referred, psychogenic Dermatomes CROPS – complex regional pain syndrome Hormones Know about hypo-hyperthyroidism, Antipathetic hormone -DAD. Diabetes Shock Know the pathology of shock Know signs and symptoms of each type, relationships to tissue perfusion, and compensatory mechanisms of the sympathetic nervous system.
Know the classifications of shock also. Fluid and electrolyte balance Know about Rennin nonaggression Antipathetic hormone, Lab values related to renal function, know about signs and symptoms of fluid excess , Know Trousseau’s and Checkbook’s sign, Know about what laboratory values most predictive of renal function Know all electrolytes- what they do – function, levels, hypo and hyper states: causes and associated signs and symptoms (CHART) Know fluid compartments (ICE, KEF, etc) and associated electrolytes.
Know about insensible water loss: water loss that cannot be measured Know treatment for hyperemia: give them odds high in calcium, treat the cause, give them calcium (calcium is an antagonist to potassium) Symptoms of fluid overload Relationship of phosphate & calcium, An & K Difference of water in the body of males and females: women have less water and more fat content, men have more water (50% vs. 60%) How calcium is absorbed and what is it associated with: Vitamin D Specific gravity of urine: high specific gravity, high concentration of particles to fluid.
Algeria: very little urine output Hypoglycemia/ hyperthermia and relationship with An. Water follows salt. Lots of salt, lots of Water. Know labs such as creating (. 6-2), BUN (8-20) as related to renal function Relationship of lodestone to AN and K+: high lodestone means an increase of sodium. Sodium and potassium work together. Potassium also increases Know what signs and symptoms you would see in patients with fluid deficits and fluid excess.
Including specific gravity, VS., and other signs and symptoms Know about third spacing- edema- as it relates to the following 1) increase/decrease capillary hydrostatic pressure, 2) increase/decreased capillary osmotic pressure= rate hat things flow in and out of the capillary. Pressure created from within the cells, 3) increased/decreased capillary permeability= things can get out of the capillary easier or harder. How do each of these pressure controls work, what disease or other manifestations would be related to each of these control mechanism in relationship to third spacing/ edema. Know about active transport, Diffusion, Osmosis.
Respiratory Know about most common area of Foreign body obstruction Asthma & COP – Pathos related to the processes Know about the differences between expiration and inspiration, also what useless are used and the most important muscle, What is best to thin thick respiratory secretions Know where the respiratory control is located in the brain Calculate minute ventilation, Know about ventilation/perfusion mismatch and how to calculate Know about the most common cause of hyperemia, hypoxia, occasions Disorders associated with V/Q mismatches Know about respiratory volumes and capacities & values, Know respiratory terms for specific patterns Know about COP- causes, respiratory drive, care of these patients. Respiratory evaluation criteria – ii. Ate, rhythm, character, etc. Cardiovascular Know about P, SIRS and T complexes, what they represent, ventricular or trial, revitalization or deportation, etc.