Well influenced by his background as a writer in the age of American and Japanese revolution; the short story set in three generations from 1847-1890 draw the traders to the highly structural society as told by Don Badly Montana and Doth Egghead’s marital life. Philippines, as institutionalized by the Catholic faith, thrives by the patriarchal society and frozen traditions based on Don Badly and Doth Egghead’s educational background, and embittered married life dictated by their belief in the May day eve ritual.
Nick Jonquil’s “May Day Eve” mandates a time-honored view of the Philippines as a cultural heritage; a comparison and contrast of pre to Post-war and Spanish colonization. Nick Joaquin as an author during the American and Japanese colonization mimed the importance of establishing cultural identity not seen in other compositions. Born in the old district of pace, Manila, on September 15, 1917, he was raised by his parents with a voracious appetite for books and the Catholic faith.
He spent his childhood years reading classics by D. H. Lawrence, Charles Dickens, Ernest Hemingway, and many others in his father’s library. His father is often characterized in his writings as a stereotype of a strict yet compassionate father a foundation of his imagery about the patriarchal society at that time. It appeared to him that American education distanced Ritter from their immediate surroundings (Alas, 2010). In response, Joaquin chose the elaborate description of the Spanish era to describe the nature of Filipinos.
As told in the form of a frame story, he explores the impulsively of Filipinos in the clutches of colonialism and traditions that lasted even in contemporary times. Don Badly education is highly prioritize as he toured Europe as a young buck, while deeming Doth Agued as a trophy wherein the latter suffered a failed marriage: “Don Badly started. For a moment he had forgotten that she was dead… From the trap of May night. ” (Short Stories, n. D. ).
His capability to study overseas and to deal with conspirators amidst Egghead’s sufferings and embitterment over a ritual reveals the country long struggle for freedom from colonization and traditions. It lasted up to three generations bound by the Catholic faith and superstitions which made Filipinos unique, a pre-quell to the tumultuous American and Japanese revolution. Nick Jonquil’s “May Day Eve” is a clear portrayal of Philippine custom amidst the foreign influence of its colonizers.