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Two questions on arranging in proper sequence. One question on Scientific Method and the other on increasing complexity (atoms……. biosphere) Chapter 2. a. Questions on atomic structure: I will pick an element from the periodic table and ask you to determine the number of electrons in the outermost shell. b. Understand the difference between polar (hydrophilic) and nonpolar (hydrophobic) molecules. c. Understand the properties and structure of water (polar, solvent, heat… ). d. Know the different types of chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, hydrogen) e. What does a buffer do?

Does an acid or base have a high or low pH? f. What are the three main elements that compose all organic molecules g. Scientific and medical uses of radioisotopes h. Understand the properties and structure of carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins i. What is ATP and how does it work? Chapter 3 a. What is the Cell Theory? b. Know the difference between Prokaryote and Eukaryote Cells c. Small cell size relates to increased efficiency due to surface to volume ratio. d. Matching questions: match cell organelles in one column with a description of their function in another column. What type of molecules make up the plasma membrane f. Know what the difference is between: diffusion, osmosis, active transport, passive transport, exocytosis and endocytosis g. Tonicity: Cells in hypertonic, hypotonic and isotonic solutions. What happens to the cells? Chapter 4 Know the different types of tissue: epithelial, connective (fibrous, bone, cartilage and blood), muscle, and nerve. Where are each of these tissue found and what function do they perform? What are the main components of connective tissue? Know the difference between epithelial and connective tissue.

What is the function of the different part on a neuron? Where do you find the different types of cartilage? What is the difference between an exocrine and endocrine gland? Know the difference between tight junctions, adhesion junctions and gap junctions. Positive and Negative Feedback. will give an example of each be able to distinguish which is which Sections 4. 6 and 4. 7 will not be covered on the exam Ch. 5 Skeletal System Understand the function of the skeletal system. How do bones lengthen during growth? What are the different types of bone tissue (spongy’, compact)?

Where are red blood cells formed? Know the different types of bones and marrow. Know the anatomy of long bones. Know the different types of joints (ball and socket and hinge) and movements (flexion, extension, abduction and adduction) Know the difference between ligaments, tendons What disease causes loss in bone mass and bone weakness? What are the different types of bone cells and their function?

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