Spain has been slow to follow technological promotions compared to the other European states, even though Spain performs good in cognition creative activity, the invention clime in Spain has non been ready. The state of affairs has occurred because of the larger function of the public sector with regard to R & A ; D development. The private sector has limited engagement in heightening R & A ; D degrees in the state. Spain need to unite R & A ; D policy across parts as the liberty of regional authoritiess with regard to the R & A ; D policy which led to miss of advanced patterns. The addition in the figure of governments and the diverseness of support plans in Spain has increased the advanced system. However, the degree of coordination among different degrees must better.
Spain ranks 16th on the European invention index in a list of 27 states. Spain entire outgo on R & A ; D as a per centum of GDP stood at around 1.2 per centum in 2007 to 2008. Spain has set a mark to make the R & A ; D expenditure degree of 2 % of GDP by 2010, which is good below the 3 % mark fixed by Lisbon understanding for the European states. It is expected that Spain authorities under the plan of INGENIO 2010 will assist in raising the private sector outgo on R & A ; D to 55 % of entire investing by 2010, every bit good as bettering the overall invention clime of Spain.
Spain authorities has initiated steps to turn to the expected in invention by revamping presenting new engineerings and the educational system. The deficiency of invention and entrepreneurship has emerged because of a low per centum of SMEs acquiring involved in invention and co-operation, along with the low engagement of the private sector and venture capitalists. Below show the analysis of Spain’s engineering landscape harmonizing to Datamonitor.
Analysis of Spain’s engineering landscape
-Well-developed ICT sector
-Gross outgo on R & A ; D remains low
-Involvement of the private sector
-Government policies advancing R & A ; D
-Significant chances in energy and ICT sectors
-Lack of invention and low figure of patents
-Well-developed ICT sector
Spain has a strong communications equipment market. The Spanish communications equipment market generated entire among of grosss of $ 521.2 billion in 2008, it stand foring a compound one-year growing rate ( CAGR ) of 9.7 per centum for the period crossing 2004 to 2008. In 2013, the Spanish communications equipment market is forecast to hold a value of $ 577 million, an addition of 10.7 per centum since 2008. Electricals and electronics retail merchants proved the most cost-efficient distributers for the Spanish communications equipment market in 2008, bring forthing entire among of grosss of $ 249.8 million, tantamount to 47.9 per centum of the market ‘s overall value. The country’s strong communicating equipment market is expected to post positive growing rates in the average term.
Spain has a well-developed substructure to ease development of technology-intensive industries. Besides, the railroads system is one of the best in Western Europe. Base on the Datamonitor, in 2008, the Spanish railroad system covered 15,288 kilometer, and 8,847 kilometer of the country which were electrified. Air and H2O conveyance are besides good developed with around 55 state-owned general involvement ports and 58 commercial airdromes.
-Gross outgo on R & A ; D remains low
Spain entire outgo on R & A ; D ( as a per centum of GDP ) stood at 1.2 per centum in 2007, which is much less than that of other developed states. In comparing, France’s outgo was 2.13 per centum of the GDP, 3.18 per centum in Japan, 2.68 per centum for the US, and 1.8 per centum for Canada during the same twelvemonth. The low outgo on R & A ; D has restricted related some activities in Spain. With the addition in the Spanish entree to the European engineering fund and invention budget which aims at run intoing the funding demands of research, the development and invention of endeavors, it will be an betterment in the support of R & A ; D activities.
Engagement of the private sector
The R & A ; D activities in Spain have been led by the populace sector and with a small engagement from the private sector. The deficiency of invention and entrepreneurship has emerged because of a low per centum of SMEs acquiring involved in cooperation, invention, and the low engagement of venture capitalists and the private sector. The authorities focused on more of the technological enlargement of bing big houses instead than early phase investings for startups.
Government policies advancing R & A ; D
Base on the Datamonitor, Spain authorities has taken several enterprises, which include the acceptance of broad policies to advance R & A ; D activity in Spain state, and it has drawn up a new legislative model for R & A ; D. It has been taking steps to spread out the R & A ; D substructure and to better the operations of all bureaus involved in the system. Spain authorities has set a mark to increase the R & A ; D outgo ( as a per centum of GDP ) to 2 per centum by the terminal of 2010, from 1.2 per centum in 2007. The private sector of Spain part to R & A ; D outgo is expected to be 55 per centum of entire outgo by 2010.
Significant chances in energy and ICT sector
Spain presented important chances in the ICT and emerging sectors of energy. The procedure of liberalisation of the energy market was started in 1998 and by 2003 it brought major alterations to the electricity sector and consumers were allowed to buy power freely in the unfastened market. Spain authorities has shifted its focal point to renewable energy under the Promotion of Renewable Energy program ( 2005 to 2010 ) .
Spain authorities besides approved the Action Plan for the Spanish Strategy of Energy Efficiency to increase investing in renewable energy engineering. Spain has achieved its 29.4 per centum mark for renewable energy in 2009, even though the mark was set for 2010 by the European. Spain government’s energy programs include greater trust on hydroelectricity and weave energy. In the telecoms section, a figure of IT bomber sectors have been opened to private participants. Mobile telephone, broadband services and broadcast equipment ( such as Wi-Fi ) are the turning sections, as the sector is being bit by bit opened up for competition.
Lack of invention and low figure of patents
The low degree of invention in Spain is influenced by the low figure of patents registered. Although the figure of patents is increasing, it is still far behind the degrees compare with other European states. It compares ill to some European and developed states, as show in the tabular array below. A continuance of the tendency is likely to halter the scientific chances of the state. Spain was ranked 16th harmonizing to the European Innovation Scoreboard ( EIS ) 2008 among the list of 27 European states. The private sector R & A ; D outgo lags behind the European norm by 45 per centum and the rate of patenting is below the European norm by 20 per centum.