Many people confuse about the significance of cognition, information and information, and they think that they have the same significance. However, they are somehow different and besides have their ain degree. Data is the natural or unrefined information like symbol, Numberss or alphabet, and it ‘s normally the initial thought of something. Data is limitless, and we can see it everyplace on Earth or galaxy. In hierarchy tower, information is a last degree.
The highest degree in the hierarchy is Knowledge. It is more complicated than other. Knowledge is a justified true belief about relationships among construct relevant to the peculiar country. In corporations or organisations, cognition is normally converted into non lone stuffs, paperss or depositories but besides in the corporation processes and patterns. Establishing on forming, synthesising or sum uping, the information becomes the cognition to be easier to understanding, consciousness. It can be alteration during the acquisition procedure because of the altering in understanding, determination or action of a individual, organisation or a group For illustration: the cognition of holding breakfast will be different among people, some people will hold a large breakfast, and some will hold light breakfast. Some will believe that eating rapidly is good, and some will believe that eating easy is good. A ocular definition relates knowledge with a bite from a ruddy apple – ‘a bite ( of information ) should be taken, chewed, digested, and acted upon so that it becomes cognition ‘ .
There are two types of cognition including silent cognition and expressed cognition. Tacit cognition is the cognition that in the head of people, and it is difficult to show, transportation or compose down. It is normally experiences, believing, new thoughts, etc. In contrast, there is the explicit cognition which is touchable and easy found in the normal life such as paperss, seminars, presentations, texts, books, cyberspaces, pictures, recordings, etc. There is the obvious illustration for both silent cognition and expressed cognition: in corporation, the manner of preparation employees is larning from the seminars, internal paperss that is expressed cognition, and the new employees larning from the seniors employees is silent cognition. In fact, most of the silent cognition can non reassign to explicit cognition, and it is merely like the iceberg which is 95 % under the H2O and 5 % above the H2O.
We merely see the portion above the H2O as expressed cognition and we think is immense, but really, the under portion are bigger which represent for the silent cognition. Peoples frequently convert expressed cognition to tacit cognition by reading and larning from books, and sometimes convert tacit cognition to explicit cognition when an person with tonss of silent cognition writes a book formalising that cognition ( hard to make this ) .
Quintas et Al. ( 1997 ) defined knowledge direction as “ the procedure of continually pull offing cognition of all sorts to run into existing and emerging demands, to place and work bing and acquired knowledge assets and to develop new chance. ” Knowledge direction is concept about the procedure to pull off the rational assets which will make the value for the houses every bit good as rise productiveness and can keep and develop the competitory advantage.
There are two sorts of cognition direction. First is to pull off the bing cognition to develop the cognition depositories ( memos, studies, presentations and articles ) , general cognition. Second is to pull off knowledge-specific activities which come from the acquisition and creative activity activities, communicating, sharing and application, etc. In pattern, knowledge direction includes placing the rational assets of organisation and making new cognition to profit for competitory advantage.
Actually, Knowledge direction looks into the manner how corporations exist in the market, how they are adapted with the conditions of market place. It relate to the manner of utilizing and developing the cognition assets of a corporation or organisations.
The Value of Knowledge Management in Company:
The first value that knowledge direction creates for company is the civilization. KM will make the environment for people feel free to portion cognition which will better the cognition degree but it can ne’er take away the cognition from them. For illustration: when I worked for the medical equipment company 2 old ages ago, people here worked in the sharing cognition environment. It helps company holding the friendly on the job status, besides that when people sharing cognition together, and it improves the efficiency of the occupation.
Second, through KM, the leader of company can run into the chances to maximise the benefit for the company. The manner the directors catch up the new information and reassign it into his cognition, so it will assist them a batch in doing determination seasonably and precisely about cheaper cost ; higher quality at same cost ; aim a different section etc.
For illustration: when the directors have the information about the market like new policies publishing, the fluctuation of involvement rates of exchange rates, the increasing of oil monetary value or existent estate, they will hold the right determination for the developing schemes of company like the instance at the terminal of 2008, most of the gum elastic production companies in Viet Nam had the information of natural stuff increasing, so they analyzed, forecasted and tried to roll up every bit much as possible the natural stuff of gum elastic. As a consequence, most of gum elastic production companies gained the large net income in twelvemonth 2009 about more than 400 % .
Third, the good cognition direction can make the competitory advantages for endeavors. With corporations or organisations, the clients play the most strategically of import function. To function the clients good and keep that relationship, the concern should utilize the cognition to cut down their rhythm clip, shorten merchandise development clip, and better client service. How much informations and information about clients that they have will assist them to better the cognition about the behaviours, civilization and the trueness of their clients to dispute with their rivals in the market place.