The difficult part is securing commitment from the world to save the species” (WWE n. p. ). 3 Actually there are six species of Tigers living in the wild. From the smallest species, the Sumatran tiger, to the largest one, the Siberian which can reach up to 10 feet long. They are all critically endangered. They live across Asia, in around 13 different countries. laces like Cambodia and Vietnam, have lready lost their breeding populations (WWF n. p. ). Tigers live from tropical rainforests, to the cold snowy lands of eastern Russia. So why is it that the biggest cat in the world can be in such danger of extinction? Well, the facts are that these animals, for some, are considered “special” and are hunted for body parts. From whiskers to tail everything is sold in the black market. Their skins can be bought around $200-$500 from the poacher. Skins can reach very high prices when sold in larger places like the U. S. Keeping track or trying to stop all these crimes is not an easy job.
Since 1 997 there has been only 4 convictions of tiger poaching (DSWF n. p. ). Places where the tigers live are also home of poor human villages. The resources needed are limited, like having well-trained personnel can be really expensive and not affordable. Indonesia, a great example of this issue, it is a third-world country and one of the biggest places where tigers can be found living in the wild. The sad thing is that only 29% of little towns in Indonesia don’t have tiger parts for sale, while the remaining percentage, which equals to over 400 retail shops do (WWF n. . ). You may be wondering what about wildlife National parks, where tigers should be protected? The problem is that poachers don’t care for that anymore, as long as there is no law enforcement, and lack of money, people wont stop killing these animals. Not until they are extinct, or the people stopped. Another big problem is Asian medicine. It has been used for many generations and the consequences are not good. Tigers are not the only endangered animals, because of these traditions. Gorillas and elephants are also in high extinction risk due to poaching for medicine.
Stopping such old raditions is the reason why mass people are needed. So far the many organizations and scientists have been helping out, but this is not an easy task. The process consists of several stages, which take money and time, sometimes way too much. Tigers are solitary species; they hunt alone, eating up to 88 pounds Of meat a day. They mate only once every 2 or 2 and a half years, giving birth to 2-3 cubs. Normally half of them don’t make it longer than 2 years but a healthy tiger have a life span up to 25 years (WWF n. p. ).
All these details are calculated by following each tiger up close using special ollars, which are continuously transmitting a signal, so experts can keep track of their daily behaviors. How many territory does the tiger need, how often does it hunt, if there is any close threat, etc. Every detail is crucial to help to grow the numbers. We talked about the people, but who plans and finances those expeditions? Two of the largest organizations or foundations that help are the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and the David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation (DSWF).
What they do is reach massive audiences to get donations and people involved, and therefore finance these expeditions, hich are crucial to help and improve wildlife around the world. These are non-profit organizations which all they seek is the prevail of wildlife in the world, and help the endangered species come to a good balance and environment, where they can grow and increase their specie s total. Helping the tigers is also a way to help humans. Tigers are what conservationists call an “umbrella” species; because they are at the top of their food chain, by saving them we help everything that is under their umbrella (WWF n. . ). According to the WWF, for each tiger that they protect, they are also rotecting around 25,000 acres of forest across Asia, where tigers live.. Also, such a large predator as the tiger is a key role to create and maintain healthy ecosystems, supplying clean water and food not only for the nature but for humans as well. A predator can help and meet human needs. ” no predator except man is capable of exterminating a prey species” (Latham 71). Not to mention that wherever tigers live, people will want to travel and watch them, and poor villages can gain a lot from tourism and increase their income and conservation status.
This can change a poor lonely village into a town that supports wildlife conservation and tourism. What is happening right now then? After all the efforts and hard work of people and organizations, there are 3200 tigers remaining in the wild (“Tiger conservation” n. p. ), which is less than the total quantity there is in zoos and captivity in the U. S. , reaching about 5000 tigers. People can help primarily by never buying products, which contain tiger parts (bones, skins, tooth). Whenever you need to buy wood, make sure that that was cut legally without compromising wildlife reserves or national parks.
If we continue to push away tigers from their natural habitats, they will have a very reduced space and as a consequence tigers will have to fight for territory, which disrupts the breeding and birth of new cub tigers to the world. Vladimir Putin, Russia’s prime minister, recently gathered world human leaders to create an anti-poaching law and banning tiger trade in many regions across Asia. Having as an objective doubling the tigers total numbers by the next Chinese year of the tiger, instead of letting them go to extinction. On October 1 8 of 2012, Russia established the “Sredneussuriiska/’
Wildlife Refugee, which covers nearly 1 80,000 acres, one Of the biggest tiger refugees along with the Sundarbans National park between Indonesia and Bangladesh. This is a huge deal for the Amur (or Siberian) tigers because it allows a safe crossing between Russia and China, without going through villages and roads were they could be in danger of death. According with Yuri Darman, head of WWF Russia s Far East office, “The success of the tiger population is mostly the result of the tiger ban in China and the support of the Chinese government” (“Amur tiger” n. p. . So is saving the tiger still not orth enough? Saving any species from the brink of extinction talks a lot about a culture, – like Mahatma Gandhi said, “The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated. ” Now how are we as a worldwide nation if we allow species to be extinct in the wild because of lack of interest or just not enough love for our nature world -“The tiger is perilously close to extinction. Is our legacy going to be the loss of this iconic animal? It breaks my heart to see what we are doing. Time is literally running out. (Shepherd n. p. ) And indeed it is, we have two options, do omething now and double the entire tiger population in 9 years, or have a drastically reverse situation with this mentality of conformism and let this magnificent big cat become just a sightsee in zoos and movies. Mass audiences, people from all over the world joining thoughts or complaints together have the power to change almost anything, if the word is spread, if people see why saving animals in the brink of extinction is so important, it would be a huge step of humans as a civilization.
People need to realize the power we have when a common interest comes to our minds, and if we really ant something. Caring for our nature will lead to much more. Everything starts in saving this single specie, creating this huge positive consequence -If we are strong enough to eradicate animals from the face of the earth, then we should be able to have as many species alive and healthy in our world as we want. Lets make that change.